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The Colloquium Series in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Arizona State University features scholars presenting current research on a variety of topics within criminology and criminal justice. The purpose of the colloquium is to provide an environment where students and faculty can discuss their ideas at whatever stage of development.
A common argument for using private prisons is that they can provide services and quality that are comparable to those provided in government-run institutions. To test this assertion, this study compares self-reported perceptions and experiences of individuals housed in public versus private prison facilities. The presentation will discuss analyses that focus on comparisons across key domains of prison life, with a particular emphasis on individuals’ needs, behaviors, victimization experiences, and perceptions of the prison environment.
Since 2011, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has provided substantial financial support to the nation of Honduras, which has consistently ranked as one of the most violent nations in the world. The talk will discuss the results of a recently completed RCT examining the impact of Proponte Más, a secondary prevention program sponsored by USAID in Honduras. It will also provide insight into whether RCTs and family-based interventions can be effectively carried out in the most violent and at-risk communities in the Western Hemisphere and whether such programming can result in reduced risk and improved resiliency among at-risk youth.
The development of disability policy is intimately linked to the rise of the American welfare state. In the early-to-mid 20th century, driven by the belief that the federal government must do something to help the “disabled help themselves,” rehabilitationists laid the ground work for the more contemporary struggle against needless institutionalization and equal opportunity well before a minority rights model of disability became available. The emergence of rights-based policy and subsequently, the disability rights movement, continued to challenge policymakers to address inequality, marginalization and isolation, including residential care which was increasingly seen as a form of discrimination. By the 1990s and 2000s, sympathetic policymakers and activists thought they could rely on the landmark Americans with Disabilities Act and the pivotal Olmstead Supreme Court case which ruled that needless institutionalization constitutes discrimination under the ADA. But, despite bipartisan elite and grassroots efforts to reform policy biases favoring nursing home care, little significant change has come about. Not surprisingly, disability groups have organized large disruptive protests (many leading to arrests) against federal and state governments, and against the nursing home industry. Today, with a presidential election in full swing, and with healthcare reform on the minds of legislators and the public, activists are once again mobilizing to pressure political leaders to finally do something about a system favoring institutionalization over community-based care; a violation of the civil rights of a historically marginalized group. The ongoing saga of community-based care showcases an important theme throughout Politics of Empowerment: that American policy reform (and the political process) is best characterized as a cycle of innovation retrenchment, mobilization and restoration.
In any scientific endeavor, failure is a likely outcome. Despite that, scientists generally and criminologists specifically rarely acknowledge failure. This talk reviews the general literature on failure and notes a number of significant failures that the presenter has been party to.
Examinations of neighborhood context on parolee recidivism have largely focused on urban communities. Yet, a large number of former prisoners return to rural or suburban settings with little research understanding how reentry and recidivism works in these areas. Many of the ecological contexts currently linked to recidivism, like concentrated disadvantage, may not be relevant in a rural environment. Furthermore, little is known regarding the differential opportunities for reentrants across urban and rural contexts. This study explicitly examines differences in recidivism between former prisoners released into urban neighborhoods compared to those returning to more rural communities. Preliminary findings from this study suggest that variation in recidivism may reflect differential pathways of inequality among former prisoners, and provides important implications for understanding how reentry, resources, and community interventions may work in rural settings.
Researchers on sentencing often lament the lack of available information in their analysis. Therefore, several prominent literature reviews at the beginning of the decade (Baumer, 2013; Ulmer, 2012) set the discovery of data as one of the top priorities for researchers. While there are many practical constraints associated with obtaining new data, another potential way to move forward is to further explore the potential of existing datasets, particularly those large administrative datasets. This talk, consisting of three early-stage projects, showcases some promising and less promising directions of utilizing a large dataset for research on sentencing and criminal careers. The studies seek to answer the same question: how far can we go with the current generation of data?
Firearm injuries are the second leading cause of death among children and teens (0 – 18 years of age) in the United States. To address this key public health and criminal justice problem, the National Institute of Health has recently funded the Firearm Safety Among Children and Teens (FACTs) Consortium with a capacity building grant. FACTS is comprised by scholars from various fields and universities around the country. This capacity building grant is focused on developing research resources to stimulate novel research in the field of pediatric firearm injury and death, including developing a research agenda and conducting pilot work to stimulate large-scale research. This presentation presents an overview of FACTS, its research agenda, and next steps in its capacity building efforts.